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中國女科學家屠呦呦獲2015年諾貝爾醫學獎

時間:2015-10-07 09:37:28  來源:  作者:

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William Campbell, Satoshi Omura and Tu Youyou jointly won the 2015 Nobel Prize for medicine for their work against parasitic diseases, the award-giving body said on Monday.

今日,諾貝爾頒獎人士稱,中國女科學家屠呦呦,日本教授大村智以及愛爾蘭的醫學研究者William C. Campbell因研發對抗寄生蟲病的藥材榮獲2015年諾貝爾生理學或醫學獎。
Irish-born Campbell and Japanese Omura won half of the prize for discovering a new drug, avermectin, that has helped the battle against river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, as well as showing effectiveness against other parasitic diseases.
來自愛爾蘭的Campbell和日本教授大村智因研制一種新型藥材而獲獎。這種名為“阿維菌素”的藥材可用來對抗河盲(盤尾絲蟲?。┖土馨徒z蟲病,并在對抗其他寄生蟲病上效果顯著。
The Chinese scientist Tu Youyou was awarded the other half of the prize for discovering artemisinin, a drug that has significantly reduced the mortality rates for patients suffering from malaria.
中國科學家屠呦呦因創制新型抗瘧藥而同時獲獎,該藥材的使用能夠顯著降低瘧疾患者的死亡率。
"These two discoveries have provided humankind with powerful new means to combat these debilitating diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually," the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Karolinska Institute said in a statement in awarding the prize of 8 million Swedish crowns ($960,000)."
每年都會有數以萬億的人困于這種疾病,使人日漸衰弱,而今此兩項研究為全人類找到了對抗疾病的新武器。”諾貝爾醫學獎頒獎詞如是說,并授予他們8百萬瑞典克朗(相當于96萬美元)。”
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"The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable. "
“這項成果為改善人類健康和減少痛苦方面所帶來的益處是無法估量的。”
Despite rapid progress in controlling malaria in the past decade, the mosquito-borne disease still kills more than half a million people a year, the vast majority of them babies and young children in the poorest parts of Africa.
雖然在控制瘧疾方面已經取得了一定的成就,但每年都會有數百萬的人死于蚊媒病,而其中大部分的死者都為非洲最貧窮地區的嬰兒和小孩。
Medicine is the first of the Nobel prizes awarded each year. Prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the will of dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.
每年,諾貝爾生理學或醫學獎都是第一項公布的諾貝爾單項獎。諾貝爾獎是根據瑞典著名的商人、硝化甘油炸藥的發明人阿爾弗雷德·諾貝爾的遺愿創立的。諾貝爾獎分設物理、化學、生理或醫學、文學、和平五個獎項,于1901年首次頒發。

 


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