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如何提高英語閱讀能力

時間:2015-11-19 11:26:21  來源:網絡采集  作者:培特小編phoebe


  摘要:SQ3R是一種閱讀方法,由英語Survey,Question,Read,Recite,Review五個詞的第一個字母組合而成,分別代表“瀏覽、發問、閱讀、復述、復習”五個學習階段。

  SQ3R is a reading strategy formed from its letters: Survey! Question! Read! Recite! Review!

  SQ3R will help you build a framework to understand your reading assignment.

  SQ3R是一種閱讀方法,由英語Survey,Question,Read,Recite,Review五個詞的第一個字母組合而成,分別代表“瀏覽、發問、閱讀、復述、復習”五個學習階段。

  SQ3R將幫助你搭建一個框架從而理解你的閱讀任務。

  Before you read, Survey the chapter:

  在你閱讀之前,瀏覽一下章節:

1AR14Y2-0.jpg

  ·the title, headings, and subheadings

  瀏覽目錄,標題和副標題

  ·captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps

  瀏覽圖片,表格,圖表或地圖下的文字說明

  ·review questions or teacher-made study guides

  回顧問題或老師制定的學習指南

  ·introductory and concluding paragraphs

  注意開頭和結尾段落

  ·summary

  進行總結

  Question while you are surveying:

  瀏覽時的問題:

  ·Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions

  就題目,標題或副標題提問

  ·Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading

  閱讀每個章節或每個副標題后面提出的問題

  ·Ask yourself, "What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?"

  問自己,“老師布置任務的時候對這個章節或主題都講了什么內容?”

  ·Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this subject?"

  問自己,“對這個主題我都知道些什么?”

  Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration.This variation is called SQW3R.

  注意:如果這對你有所幫助,試著把這些問題寫下來以供思考。這就演變成SQW3R法( Survey,Question,Write, Read,Recite,Review),即“瀏覽、發問、書寫、閱讀、復述、復習”。

  When you begin to Read:

  在你開始閱讀時:

  ·Look for answers to the questions you first raised

  尋找你剛開始所提問題的答案

  ·Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides

  在章節開頭或章節末尾或學習指南處回答問題

  ·Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.

  重讀圖片,圖表等下的文字說明

  ·Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases

  對所有加下劃線,斜體和粗體的詞或短語作筆記

  ·Study graphic aids

  學習圖表知識

  ·Reduce your speed for difficult passages

  讀到難理解的地方放慢速度

  ·Stop and reread parts which are not clear

  讀到不理解的地方停下來重新閱讀

  ·Read only a section at a time and recite after each section

  一次只讀一個小節,每小節之后進行背誦

  Recite after you've read a section:

  閱讀完一個小節之后進行復述:

  ·Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read, or summarize, in your own words, what you read

  口頭復述,對剛閱讀完的內容進行提問,或用自己的話進行總結

  ·Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words

  對所讀文本做筆記,并用自己的語言將信息表達出來

  ·Underline or highlight important points you've just read

  讀到重點地方用下劃線或高光進行標記

  ·Reciting:

  復述:

  The more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read

  利用的感官越多你就越容易記住你所閱讀的內容

  Triple strength learning: Seeing, saying, hearing

  三倍功效學習法:看、說、聽

  Quadruple strength learning: Seeing , saying , hearing, writing!!!

  四倍功效學習法:看、說、聽、寫

  Review: an ongoing process

  復習:持續進行的階段

  Day One

  第一天

  ·After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined.

  閱讀整個章節并復述完之后,在空白處對下劃線和高光標記過的重點提些問題并寫下來。

  ·If you took notes while reciting, write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook.

  如果你在復述的過程中作了筆記,在筆記本的左邊空白處就所作筆記寫幾個問題。

  ·Complete the form for a critical reading review.

  完成批判性閱讀復習表格。

  Day Two

  第二天

  ·Page through the text and/or your notebook to re-acquaint yourself with the important points.

  瀏覽文本或你的筆記本來重新熟悉文章重點。

  ·Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.

  口述文本或筆記本左邊的問題并在右邊空白處寫下你的答案。

  ·Orally recite or write the answers from memory.

  根據記憶進行口頭復述或寫下你的答案。

  ·Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.

  針對需要進行記憶的材料想些特別的記憶方法。

  ·Make flash cards for those questions which give you difficulty.

  對難理解的內容提些問題并制作成卡片。

  Days Three, Four and Five

  第三、四、五天

  ·Alternate between your flash cards and notes and test yourself(orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated.

  根據所制作的問題卡片對自己進行測試(口頭或筆寫)。

  ·Make additional flash cards if necessary.

  如有必要再制作額外的卡片。

  Weekend

  周末

  ·Using the text and notebook, make a Table of Contents - list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter.

  根據文本和筆記本制作一個目錄,把你需要了解的主題和子主題羅列出來。

  ·From the Table of Contents, make a Study Sheet.

  根據目錄制作一張學習表。

  ·Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet together.

  學習表整合到一起后用自己的語言進行口頭復述,將信息表達出來。

  ·As you have consolidated all the information you need for this chapter, periodically review the Sheet/Map so that at test time you will not have to cram.

  當你把這一章節的所有需要用到的信息都鞏固了以后并定期復習這張學習表,考試的時候你就無需死記硬背啦。


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